Solar thermal energy generation is becoming the new hot spot
China Academy of Engineering in the conduct of the "five" strategic development of key emerging industry consulting and research projects - a new energy industry group project meeting, solar thermal power generation has been called for a detailed statement as a key
Solar thermal power generation is becoming the new energy investment.
"Solar thermal power generation is the next blue ocean of new energy investment." May 10, 863 solar thermal power projects in general, head, Institute of Electrical Engineering Chinese Academy of Sciences researcher Wang Zhifeng told reporters.
Day, "five" strategic development of key emerging industry consulting and research projects - projects of new energy industry group meeting in the Chinese Academy of Engineering, solar thermal power generation as a priority by requiring detailed statement.
"From September last year to early this year, (China) solar thermal power generation project added 3GW (300 MW)." Intermittent at the meeting, the National Energy Advisory Committee of experts, an expert said that these projects have been completed the project proposal books, not including the private operation of several power giants did not open the project. "Once the concession tender, these projects will emerge."
"(Inner Mongolia 50,000 kilowatts thermal power project concession) should be the end of May or early June." Renewable energy National Energy Board, told reporters at a person, which is China's first thermal power projects in light of the concession bidding, "the intention of the company very much sexual contact."
"This (concession) will not only lead to the awakening of solar thermal power industry, but the whole awakening of thermal power generation chain." Wang Zhifeng said, even with the electricity companies, equipment manufacturers, banks, investors are awakening, " Consulting (thermal power) too much, I received several call people a day. "
In the obscurity of many years, solar thermal power generation is becoming the protagonist of the new energy sector.
Prior to this, solar power mainly in the form of photovoltaic power generation, namely the use of solar cells, light energy directly into electrical energy. International Solar Energy Society (ISES) statistics show that in 2009 alone, the global PV installed capacity exceeded 600 million kilowatts.
And PV compared to solar thermal power is collected by large-scale solar thermal energy lighting mirror array through the heat exchanger device to provide steam to drive conventional turbine generator to produce electricity. ISES data show that the end of 2009, and the global network has been installed capacity of solar thermal power plant about 70 million kilowatts.
"Solar light and heat than the slow mainly due to the impact by the technical level." ISES executive director of the long 克里斯汀霍 Ensi Tan told reporters that the station's large scale integration technology affected the development of large-scale solar thermal power plant.
According to theory of solar thermal power, solar thermal power stations in addition to the daytime heat, light pole direct-drive steam turbine power generation, while some of the heat will be stored in a giant heat storage system in the evening can take advantage of regenerative power.
"Related has been the subject of research, there are at the laboratory stage, large-scale power system will take time." State Department counselor, director of the National Energy Advisory Committee for Xu ingot say so.
Even so, solar thermal power is still seen as "saving the earth" energy.
"The first is as light and heat and thermal power generation by steam turbine, so the ratio of photovoltaic, wind power is more conducive to the stability of power systems; followed to avoid the expensive photovoltaic silicon photoelectric conversion, cost savings and avoid pollution. " Ensi Tan said currently the world's solar thermal power plant proposed total installed capacity of more than 12 million kilowatts.
In fact, the United States and Europe have begun to solar thermal power generation as a future alternative to traditional energy sources dominant choice.
July 2009, European countries jointly launched "European desert action", governments and enterprises in the next 10 years, invest 400 million euros, in sub-region to establish a large solar thermal power plant, the project will meet all of Europe at least 15% of the electricity demand.
"Solar thermal power will become the new energy of the most important source of energy, even in the future as the largest share of China's dominant energy source." May 12, the aforementioned national energy advisory committee of experts, experts say, in foreign countries have already launched a large-scale light thermal power base in the context of the Chinese optical base is also a feasibility study in progress.
"Solar thermal power generation, once started, the speed of its development and future prospects are difficult to compare the PV." Emperor Ming Huang Ming Solar Energy Group chairman, told reporters, many countries and regions have begun to encourage solar thermal, photovoltaic restrictions. California planning requirements by 2030, solar thermal power and photovoltaic power generation installed capacity ratio of 4:1.
"'Twelve Five' (2011 ~ 2015), the light and heat will be a explosive development." Aforementioned Expert Advisory Committee of the National Energy experts say.
Power giant brainer
Sensitive power giant had brainer.
"The major Power Group has started enclosure (thermal power) of the." China Electric Power Research Institute, a solar thermal power generation experts told reporters that solar thermal power generation is relatively high resource requirements, to have cheap land, cheap water, abundant light, and relatively flat topography. "The development of the country suitable for light and heat resources are also limited, and who should give this land on the project who, we naturally swarm."
"Almost half a year thing, three or four items on the GW cropped up." Solar thermal industry, Ministry of Science and Technology Innovation Council of the League official said, three years ago, five Huadian Power Group, only to follow the Chinese Academy of Sciences to do a demonstration project, "Other companies did not even touch the power light and heat."
Huadian Group has been a walk in the first solar thermal power generation, the fastest power giant.
In 2007, the state starting in Beijing Yanqing 1 MW solar thermal power generation demonstration projects, followed by China Huadian Group, began to actively layout, now in Langfang, Hebei, Gansu, Jiayuguan, Xinjiang, Golmud and other solar thermal power to carry out preliminary work.
December 17, 2009, Huadian New Energy Corporation and the Australian Lions International signed a cooperation agreement, the two sides work together to develop plans to Golmud one million kilowatts thermal power projects.
A month later, January 5, 2010, Huadian Energy Company has signed with the Jiayuguan total over 26 billion yuan of the strategic cooperation agreement, including the development of solar thermal power generation in the city.
China Electric Power Research Institute of the aforementioned experts told reporters that the major power group has its own solar thermal power generation demonstration projects, "although only a small demonstration project, but (Power Generation Group) are a large number of follow-up reserved for the expansion of the land."
Involved Guodian Turpan solar thermal power, told reporters that China Turpan thermal power project is only 100 kilowatts, "how there are a few acres of enclosure is to the future large-scale expansion."
"The high cost of PV is a single, large costs are also high; and small-scale solar thermal is the high cost, but as long as large-scale, tens of megawatts, or even hundreds of megawatts of low cost of GW." Said Huang Ming , power companies must be based on demonstration projects to expand the scale of this is to reduce the cost of the inevitable choice.
"If you build a 100 MW solar thermal power plant, the upfront investment which can be controlled at 15,000 yuan to 20,000 yuan / kW, the tariff is probably seven or eight cents (per kWh)." Above the solar thermal industry innovation strategic alliance official said, more than the PV project Dunhuang 1.09 yuan / kWh of electricity more competitive.
The cost factors and the "area is king" ideology of domination, power companies are in demonstration projects based on the accumulation of a large number of follow-up expansion of the land.
"We can along the Qinghai-Tibet, the new road layout of solar light blue mirror array." Huadian New Energy officials told reporters that many parts of the west side of the road are the desert, "think how many rows are OK."
"Gobi with 80,000 square kilometers (thermal power) generation of electricity, can be equivalent to China's annual power generation capacity in 2008." Zhi-Feng Wang said the Chinese Gobi desert, more than 1.3 million existing square kilometers, Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences's research shows , "exceeding 30 million square kilometers of desert suitable for solar thermal power generation."
More and more power companies are eyeing the west, into 2010, in addition to five major power, the Tianwei change (600550.SH), the United States and other enterprises eSolar has announced its entry into solar thermal power generation.
"(Solar thermal power generation) enclosure boom has only just begun it, the next two or three years to reach its peak." Aforementioned National Energy Expert Advisory Committee of experts told reporters.
Equipment manufacturers to seize the opportunity
New industrial equipment manufacturers to bring great business opportunities, and a large number of companies are trying to share the attractive "cake."
"Solar thermal power generation in the next two years and then increase forty-five MW is not a problem, these plants are definitely involved in no less than 100 billion yuan of investment." Beijing Jiang Hi-tech, general manager of the new energy company, said more than information. In the foreseeable future, solar thermal power generation, "cake" will no doubt be more substantial.
"We also feel very tight, a great chance, we are now ready to greatly expand the laboratory." Said Huang Ming, Huang Ming Group is the world's only solar thermal power generation can produce the core steel business, "Our production capacity is not only tens of thousands of meters. "
And feel the same urgency of Emperor Ming Group, a large number of Chinese solar companies have also joined the solar thermal power development.
"Can not say more than 5,000 solar thermal companies are doing, but at least we have this idea." Solar thermal Professional Committee of China, an official told reporters, many companies have created semi-public sample.
"Solar thermal power generation are high-tech industries, such as water heaters, as if the flood, this is definitely not a good thing." He said.
Research and development companies to seize the one hand, the other is active investors cut.
"We (and Wong Ming Group) have reached an intention, Huang Ming ready to set up solar power company." May 11, Beijing, Jiangsu Hi-tech investment company official told the "Financial State Week", the two sides will set up a joint venture company, dedicated to solar thermal power generation equipment manufacturing.
"Now companies can not be too much equipment, but the future is certainly a lot there." I said hearing, as the equipment manufacturing technology maturity scale solar thermal power generation and expansion of solar thermal equipment manufacturing industry will certainly attract a lot of investment. "Many U.S. companies are also seeking to cooperate with us."
"Various parts manufacturing companies have large numbers, and some companies have begun to be eliminated." Beijing Yanqing 1 megawatt solar thermal power generation demonstration project leader told the "Financial State Week" in 2007 for lighting the mirror project procurement ultra-white glass, there are only a Beijing-based company to supply, the price of 300 yuan / square meter, the procurement of this project over 10,000 square meters of glass. "Of the many companies can produce the specific optical glass."
Foreign equipment manufacturers of light and heat has also been eyeing the Chinese market. January 9, 2010, the U.S. supplier of solar power eSolar with Shandong Penglai Power Equipment Manufacturing Co., Ltd. signed an agreement, in addition to selling equipment through outside the power of Penglai, eSolar years the company also plans to invest over $ 5 billion, in China 200 million kilowatts of solar thermal generating units.
The upcoming concession of solar thermal power project in Inner Mongolia, it is by the German company Solar Millennium feasibility study report in the organization. "We hope to enter the Chinese solar thermal power generation market, but the situation we have to see to say." Considering the Chinese government restrictions on foreign investment in the electricity market, Solar Millennium, a cautious person in charge.
"And photovoltaic, wind power equipment 'heartless', mainly by the introduction of foreign compared to the core technology, solar thermal power generation of the country have mastered the core technology." Advisory Committee for the aforementioned national energy experts said, China has mastered the solar thermal power generation from light, heat, electricity and other aspects of the follow-up core technology, the follow-up of equipment will mainly be in the country.
"It is foreseeable that if countries do not have active policies to guide this (solar thermal power generation equipment) industry will be like wind power, polysilicon, as duplication, excess capacity." Foregoing the use of solar thermal Professional Committee of China's official said.
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