Battery type, model and method of cleaning and maintenance
1 Chemical Battery
Is through the electrochemical reaction, the positive and negative active material of the chemical energy into electrical energy of a class of devices. After a long research, development, ushered in a wide variety, widely situation. As large a building can only accommodate was the next great device small enough to breed in millimeters. all the time for a better life for our service modern electronic technology, chemical batteries, made of high demand. every chemical battery technology breakthroughs have brought the development of a revolutionary electronic device the modern society, people, everyday life, more and without chemical batteries. electrochemical many scientists the world now, the interests focus on the chemical as a battery electric vehicle area.
2 batteries and liquid battery
The distinction between dry and liquid batteries battery is limited to the early development of that period.'s First battery from the glass container filled with electrolyte and two electrodes and later launched a paste electrolyte-based batteries, also known as dry .
There are still "liquid" batteries. Are generally very large size species, such as those used as an uninterruptible power supply in large stationary lead-acid batteries or solar cells, supporting the use of lead-acid batteries for mobile devices, some using the full sealed, maintenance-free lead-acid batteries, these batteries have been used successfully for many years, sulfuric acid electrolyte which is fixed by the silica gel or glass fiber separator suction pay.
3 disposable batteries and rechargeable batteries
Disposable batteries commonly known as "disposable" batteries, because their power is exhausted, you can not recharge using only discarded the common disposable batteries, including alkaline manganese batteries, zinc-manganese batteries, lithium batteries, silver zinc batteries, zinc air batteries, mercury batteries and magnesium zinc manganese batteries.
Rechargeable batteries made by different materials and workmanship, the common lead-acid batteries, nickel cadmium batteries, nickel-iron batteries, nickel metal hydride batteries, lithium-ion battery. The advantage is long life cycle, they can charge and discharge more than 200 full- Some rechargeable battery power than most of the load off the battery high ordinary nickel-cadmium, nickel metal hydride battery, the unique memory effect, causing inconvenience of use, often causing premature failure.
4 Fuel Cell
Fuel cell is a fuel's chemical energy through electrochemical reaction directly into electrical energy
5 dye-sensitized solar cell battery
Models are generally divided into: 1,2,3,5,7 No. 5 and 7, which is particularly common, so-called AA batteries is 5 batteries, and battery AAA battery is 7! AA, AAA is the battery model.
AA is what we usually refer to the battery 5, the general dimensions: diameter 14mm, height 49mm;
AAA is what we usually refer to the 7 cells, the general dimensions: diameter 11mm, height 44mm.
The following is from the site: Ni-MH battery forum for users to add
Knowledge of a number of attached cells:
Talk about the common "AAAA, AAA, AA, A, SC, C, D, N, F" these models
AAAA type rare, one-time AAAA Energizer Alkaline batteries can occasionally see the general use of the computer pen inside The standard AAAA (flat) battery height 41.5 +/- 0.5mm, diameter 8.1 +/- 0.2mm.
AAA type battery is more common, general use of the MP3 are AAA batteries, the standard AAA (flat) battery height 43.6 +/- 0.5mm, diameter 10.1 +/- 0.2mm.
It is well known even AA batteries, digital cameras, electric toys and ultimately AA batteries, standard AA (flat) battery height 48.0 +/- 0.5mm, diameter 14.1 +/- 0.2mm.
Only one type of battery A is not common, usually for the series inside the battery cell battery pack, I often give others the old camera for nickel-cadmium, nickel metal hydride battery, almost all of 4/5A, or 4/5SC battery Core Standard of A (flat) battery height 49.0 +/- 0.5mm, diameter 16.8 +/- 0.2mm.
SC models are not common, generally is the battery pack inside the battery cell, mostly in power tools and cameras and can be seen on imported equipment, the standard SC (flat) battery height 42.0 +/- 0.5mm, diameter 22.1 +/- 0.2mm.
C Type II is the battery, use a lot of standard C (flat) battery height 49.5 +/- 0.5mm, diameter 25.3 +/- 0.2mm.
D Model One is the battery, wide range of uses, civilian, military, specific DC power supply can be found in D-type batteries, standard D (flat) battery height 59.0 +/- 0.5mm, diameter 32.3 +/- 0.2mm.
N models are not common, I do not know what things there with the standard N (flat) battery height 28.5 +/- 0.5mm, diameter 11.7 +/- 0.2mm.
F type battery, it is electric bikes, battery of a new generation of products, a great trend to replace lead-acid maintenance-free batteries are generally for the battery cell (personal opinion: In fact, a big, bad alone, huh). standard N (flat) battery height 89.0 +/- 0.5mm, diameter 32.3 +/- 0.2mm.
We note that (flat head) word, referring to the cathode is flat, not protruding, used to make the battery pack using the battery cell spot, the general pointed to the same model (which can be used as a single battery-powered), in height to more 0.5mm. so, I do not elaborate. Also, when the battery is not a lot of neatly "AAA, AA, A, SC, C, D, N, F" the main model, but also often have scores in front of "1 / 3, 2 / 3, 1 / 2, 2 / 3, 4 / 5, 5 / 4, 7 / 5", these scores represents the height of the corresponding cell body, such as " 2/3AA "is that high is usually AA batteries 2 / 3 of the rechargeable battery; Again" 4/5A "is that high is usually A battery of 4 / 5 of the rechargeable battery.
There is also a model representation, is five digits, for example, 14500,17490,26500, first two digits refer to the pool diameter, is the pool after the three-digit height, for example, 14500 refers to AA batteries, or about 14mm in diameter , 50mm high.
1 Use the battery with a general store with metal objects to avoid short-circuit the battery problem.
(2) to avoid the battery is stored in hot and humid place.
3 battery should be placed on the reach of children.
4 battery for a long time on the camera or charger may cause leakage and damage and so on.
5. Every time you replace the battery must be replaced the whole set of new batteries, do not mix old and new batteries use (NiMH) Do not mix different types or brands of alkaline batteries together.
6 Do not heat the battery or dispose of the fire within.
7. Do not allow contact with fresh water or sea water battery, and be especially careful to keep dry.
8. Do not try to deformation of the battery, remove to change batteries.
9. Do not try to peel or cut the battery packing battery pack.
10. Do not allow battery drop, impact or collision with another strong battery of items.
11 Do not use the irrigation power, deformation, discoloration or the appearance of the battery is obviously not normal cells.
12 battery will feel warm immediately after use. Removing the battery, turn off the camera and wait until cool.
13 for the battery must be installed four new batteries. "New battery" refers to the use of alkaline batteries are not bought, or just with a charged NI-CO, or NI-MH battery.
14 Battery at low temperatures (+10 degrees C or lower) to be corroded and the battery life is shorter, it is the battery characteristics. Before loading in cold situations, the battery in your pocket or a similar warm places, such as using a warm oven to warm the battery, to ensure that will not have direct contact with the warm oven.
15 Rechargeable Battery (NI-MH or NI-CD battery), you must use a dedicated battery charger to charge 3 or NI-MH NI-CD battery, according to the manuals supplied charger to charge. Do not use rechargeable specify the use of external devices the battery charge.
16 immediately after charging the battery will feel warm. NI-MH or NI-CD rechargeable battery on the machine when not in use before be sure to charge. The camera mechanism is almost small current control, even when the camera power is turned off.
Battery cleaning method:
On the battery contacts (+ and -) or inside the battery cover of the soil will cause the current digital cameras can not hinder the conduction of the phenomenon, so you will find that even if the camera's battery still has enough power, but the camera control lack of power on the display warning signs will continue to map the blinking, and then the camera will automatically turn off.
To avoid this power loss problems, keep the battery contacts (+ and -) and the internal battery lid clean and, if necessary, please use a soft, clean cloth gently wipe dry.
In addition, the use of battery, use a soft, dry cloth to clean the battery contact points at both ends, so we can ensure that the battery can be completely adequate power.
Do not try to clean the internal digital camera battery accessories, otherwise it will damage your digital camera.
Do not use chemical or other cleaning of a soluble detergent, such as thinner, benzine, or alcohol content of the solvent to clean your digital camera, battery, charger, or otherwise cause damage to your equipment .
Use a soft, dry cloth to clean the battery contact points at both ends, try to make both ends of the battery contacts clean.
Do not heat the battery or pressure, or break down, fall, short-circuit. Do not let the battery near the fire element or water.
Do not place the battery in a pocket.
Do not use different types of batteries, such a move may cause fire and explosion.
Battery save method
If you are not going to use the camera, the battery must be removed to be stored at low temperatures after the dry environment.
Especially careful not to NI-MH NI-CD or current long-term disability in the camera, even if the charge due to excessive battery discharge can no longer use. NI-MH NI-CD or even in the pool when not in use will be automatically discharged.
Battery disposal instructions
Before the discarded battery power must be determined completely exhausted.
Before using them to determine the first charge, when just fully charged and can be significantly reduced with time short, that life expectancy has to end, replace the battery.
Please be positive cell adhesive tape on the battery may be abandoned in order to avoid burning or explosion will occur and so dangerous.
Particularly toxic because of the lithium batteries, there is danger of explosion improper use, do not arbitrarily discarded.
Please follow the waste-related regulations and related laws and regulations to discard used batteries, general battery recycling boxes are equipped with convenience stores, do not waste dispose of batteries in general waste. Or ask the relevant government authorities have on battery recycling and disposal details.
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