Japan's second-generation battery industry and comprehensive response
According to Commerce Ministry sources, animal cell is wind power, solar power generation into the second generation of power supply systems - essential for smart grid technology. In addition to lithium-ion batteries which are widely used in mobile phones and laptops, more importantly, hybrid vehicles and electric vehicles and other core components of environmentally friendly vehicles. Japan's goal to achieve low-carbon society is to strengthen infrastructure construction, Sharp, Kansai Electric Power, Sakai City, and other businesses and the city in 2010 will be smart grid empirical experiments. Tokyo Electric Power, Hitachi, Itochu, also collaboration with the Tokyo Institute of Technology to carry out joint research in the field battery.
First, the battery
Lithium ion batteries are generally divided into battery and nickel-metal hydride batteries. Yield by producing countries are as follows:
Lithium-ion battery: Japan 57%, South Korea 17%, China 13%, other 13%.
Ni-MH battery: Japan 74%, Chinese 22%, other 4%.
Japan, the world leading battery technology, lithium-ion battery electrical products accounted for about 60% of the world, Ni-MH battery of basic vehicle 100%. Nomura survey, in 2008 the world's lithium-ion battery market is worth about 800 billion yen in 2020 will expand to 32,000 billion yen. Currently only 1% of the lithium battery used in car production, there will be 7 percent by 2020 lithium batteries used in automotive production, cell materials market size will increase to 11,000 billion yen, equivalent to 3 times now, more than half for car battery production.
Second, the Japanese lithium-ion batteries are mainly related businesses
I Lithium-ion battery
The basic principles of lithium-ion battery Lithium-ion battery through the internal and from the realization between positive and negative charge and discharge. Widespread use of cobalt cathode materials, but are rare elements and high price of cobalt, lithium iron phosphate can be used instead. Lithium iron phosphate by recycling scrap metal and phosphorus in sewage sludge in the production of ordinary cement processing; lithium-ion battery carbon cathode materials and separators can be used to fuel the production of cement, lithium iron phosphate cathode is also recyclable. Lithium-ion battery related businesses are as follows:
Electrolyte: Ube Industries, Mitsubishi Chemical;
Cathode material: Mitsubishi Chemical, Japan Ami Science, Sumitomo Chemical;
Isolation board: Asahi Kasei, Mitsubishi resin, Ube;
Cathode material: Hitachi Chemical, Mitsubishi Chemical, Showa Denko, Tokai CARBON.
Ii part of the lithium-ion battery-related trends in production planning
GS YUASA, Mitsubishi Motors: 20 billion -30 billion yen investment in Kyoto, built a new factory for electric vehicle batteries. Autumn 2010 with an annual capacity for 20,000 cars.
Nissan, NEC: 2010 year mainly to increase the supply of electric vehicles, consider setting up factories in the United States and Europe.
GS YUASA, Honda: 25 billion yen investment in building a new plant in Kyoto, production for hybrid car batteries, to start production in autumn 2010, spring 2011, the annual output from 100,000 cars available.
Sanyo: Volkswagen hybrid car for the supply battery. The establishment of the factory in Hyogo Prefecture, 2010.
Hitachi: GM starting in 2010 for the mass production of hybrid vehicles batteries.
Kawasaki Heavy Industries: Industrial Technology Research Institute with 10 seconds to complete the joint development of a large nickel-metal hydride rechargeable batteries - GIGACELL. Charging time Ni-MH battery equivalent to the traditional 60 per 1,5 years after the official market. Mainly for the trams and buses.
Third, the Japanese lithium-ion battery materials competition
Asahi Kasei, Hitachi Chemical industry and other four companies of the world's lithium-ion battery electrode materials and insulating materials market 8 percent. From a global perspective, cathode material, Nichia Chemical Industries, 25%, 15% share of Tanaka Chemical Research; cathode material, Hitachi Chemical Industry accounted for 42%, JFE Chemical 16%; insulating materials, accounting for 45% of Asahi Kasei , Tonen Chemical, 25%; electrolyte, Ube Industries, 25%, 20% of Mitsubishi Chemical.
Eastern Plastics Company is developing rare metals needed for the production of cobalt cathode materials for alternative technologies, is expected to cost reduction to the current seventh. Showa Denko addition to the electrolyte, the cathode material is also developed.
Platinum demand in Japan in 2007 54 tons, of which 98% dependence on imports, platinum reserves in South Africa accounts for about 9 percent of total global reserves. To ensure a steady supply of fuel cell materials, the Japanese National Institute of metallic mineral oil and natural gas Energy Agency (JOGMEC) and Canadian Platinum Group Metals Exploration Company joint development of South African platinum mine for the conclusion of an agreement, 4 years, exploration expenditures invested $ 3,200,000, to obtain 37% of the ore right. The mine is located in northeastern South Africa, Waterberg mines.
Fourth, the Japanese R & D production hybrid truck
In addition to intense development of a new generation of hybrid vehicles and electric vehicles, Japan's current effort to develop hybrid trucks also.
At the U.S. and Europe account for about 70% of the global forklift truck market, with Japan accounting for 35% of the global market. Forklift sales in Japan declined significantly since the financial crisis, in April 2009 fell to 5,000. To this end, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Toyota Automatic Loom, Komatsu Utility began the development of production of hybrid battery powered forklift.
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Nagasaki Institute of producing lithium-ion battery powered forklift truck, starting from October 2009 to start selling. Class automotive technology and mechanical forklift truck technology will be integrated with each other, the deceleration generated kinetic energy into stored electricity, when the discharge used in the launch, can save 4 percent fuel costs. Load 5.5 tons, is expected to price higher than the average 2-3 into a fuel truck, dozens of production each year.
Komatsu Forklift subsidiary of Matsushita and other companies, mainly from the engine ,09-10 years of procurement will be developed during the lead battery and the electrical storage device and use of hybrid engines. Put into use in 2011 is expected to save half the purchase cost.
Production of the world's first forklift truck Toyota Automatic Loom company's Prius hybrid car battery improvement, production of nickel metal hydride batteries mounted on a forklift, officially put into operation in December, has received dozens of orders.
Fifth, comprehensive response to the Japanese universal battery
May 28, 2009, by and Industry of Japan led by the battery, materials and automotive components and other related businesses, "Battery System Industry Strategy Research." To promote the popularity of the battery, the relevant laws amended to relax the restrictions, and charged to budget. Following measures:
1 development of international quality and safety standards for battery. For the popularity of the battery, the Japanese industrial strategy of the battery system will decide to change the current from the battery independent of the implementation of safety testing business practices, develop a unified set of international standards of quality and safety of batteries to improve the international competitiveness of Japanese companies.
2 revision of related laws. Battery fire risk exists, the Japanese Government to consider relaxing the electrical appliances Safety Law and relevant provisions of the Fire Services Act.
3 origin of the main material of lithium concentration in South America, the Japanese government financial institutions to provide financing and trade insurance, trading companies and other Japanese companies to support the smooth procurement of raw materials.
4 promote the expansion of electric vehicle charging stations. Specifically, car-parking facilities with electric apartment house, the owner can be charged in the indoor long-distance remote control car, or at night can automatically charge and so on.
5 strengthen cooperation with the world's major auto companies to seize global automotive battery market.
In addition to its automotive business in close cooperation with the battery companies, the Japanese car and car battery enterprises to strengthen cooperation with the world's major auto companies to seize global automotive battery market.
VW to Sanyo Electric, Toshiba and other purchasing lithium batteries; PSA Peugeot Citroen of France to the GS YUASA, Mitsubishi Motors and other orders of lithium batteries, Sanyo Electric to purchase nickel-hydrogen batteries; American General purchased the Hitachi battery; Ford to Sanyo motor vehicle purchases battery; Nissan and NEC invested a total of 500 billion yen, a joint venture with France's Renault factory in France, an auto battery, battery for 2012, annual output of 60,000 cars. In addition, Nissan and NEC also plans to invest about 2000-2500 billion yen in 2012 in the United States, Britain, Portugal and other countries set up lithium battery plant, the target is 2012 for the battery capacity of 400,000 cars.
6 great efforts to develop emerging markets.
Strong growth in car demand in emerging countries, China's 2009 auto sales expected to surpass the United States leads the world in Vietnam, the Japanese auto companies are very optimistic about China's auto market. 08 Toyota in the Chinese market share of only 6%, for which companies to invest 300-400 billion yen, Toyota in 2010 in Changshu City, Jiangsu Province, set up R & D centers, mainly in car batteries, based on second-generation vehicle technologies R & D and design, development, "China Special Purpose Vehicle", and expand market share in China.
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